Florida Civic Test Review

Brown v. Board of Education. 1954. Case that overturned Separate but Equal standards of discrimination in education. Her family believed that the segregated school system violated the 14th Amendment and took their case to court.

Brown versus Board of Education. 1954. Case that overturned Separate but Equal standards of discrimination in education. Her family believed that the segregated school system violated the 14th Amendment and took their case to court.

Dred Scott versus Sanford. The case that ruled that slaves were property and could not sue. Violated the 5th amendment. helped bring on the civil war.

Dred Scott versus Sanford. The case that ruled that slaves were property and could not sue. Violated the 5th amendment. helped bring on the civil war.

Gibbons versus Ogden. Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government.

Gibbons versus Ogden. Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government.

Gideon versus Wainwright. A landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.

Gideon versus Wainwright. A landmark case in United States Supreme Court history. In the case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that state courts are required under the Sixth Amendment of the Constitution to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants unable to afford their own attorneys.

Hazelwood versus Kuhlmeier. School newspapers can be censored by teachers and administrators. The journalism students felt that this censorship was a direct violation of their First Amendment rights. The Supreme Court decided that Principal Reynolds had the right to such editorial decisions, as he had legitimate pedagogical concerns.

Hazelwood versus Kuhlmeier. School newspapers can be censored by teachers and administrators. The journalism students felt that this censorship was a direct violation of their First Amendment rights. The Supreme Court decided that Principal Reynolds had the right to such editorial decisions, as he had legitimate pedagogical concerns.

Korematsu versus the US. 1944. Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor. Korematsu argued that Executive Order 9066 was unconstitutional and that it violated the Fifth Amendment. The Fifth Amendment was selected over the Fourteenth Amendment due to the lack of federal protections in the Fourteenth Amendment. He was arrested and convicted.

Korematsu versus the US. 1944. Supreme Court case where the Supreme Court upheld the order providing for the relocation of Japanese Americans. It was not until 1988 that Congress formally apologized and agreed to pay $20,000 2 each survivor. Korematsu argued that Executive Order 9066 was unconstitutional and that it violated the Fifth Amendment. The Fifth Amendment was selected over the Fourteenth Amendment due to the lack of federal protections in the Fourteenth Amendment. He was arrested and convicted.

Mapp versus Ohio. Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court). Violation of the 4th amendment. 

Mapp versus Ohio. Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court). Violation of the 4th amendment. 

Marbury versus Madison. This case establishes the Supreme Court’s power of Judicial Review.

Marbury versus Madison. This case establishes the Supreme Court’s power of Judicial Review.

McCulloch versus Maryland. Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and the Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law. 

McCulloch versus Maryland. Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and the Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law. 

Miranda versus Arizona. The Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police. Violated the 5th amendment and his 6th, right to an attorney. Case topic: self-incrimination, due process.

Miranda versus Arizona. The Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police. Violated the 5th amendment and his 6th, right to an attorney. Case topic: self-incrimination, due process.

New Jersey versus TLO student.  Students may be searched without a warrant if there is reasonable ground for doing so. Argued her 4th amendment rights. Case topic: Student search and seizure.

New Jersey versus TLO student.  Students may be searched without a warrant if there is reasonable ground for doing so. Argued her 4th amendment rights. Case topic: Student search and seizure.

Plessy versus Ferguson. Separate but equal doctrine supreme court upheld the constitutionality of jim crow laws. Argued in court that the Act violated the 13th and 14th Amendments.

Plessy versus Ferguson. Separate but equal doctrine supreme court upheld the constitutionality of jim crow laws. Argued in court that the Act violated the 13th and 14th Amendments.

Regents of the University of California versus Bakke. A 1978 Supreme Court decision held that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race. Violated the 14th amendment.

Regents of the University of California versus Bakke. A 1978 Supreme Court decision held that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race. Violated the 14th amendment.

Roe versus Wade. 1973.. Legalized abortion on the basis of a woman’s right to privacy. Violated the guarantee of personal liberty and the right to privacy implicitly guaranteed in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and 14th Amendments.

Roe versus Wade. 1973.. Legalized abortion on the basis of a woman’s right to privacy. Violated the guarantee of personal liberty and the right to privacy implicitly guaranteed in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and 14th Amendments.

Texas versus Johnson. A 1989 case in which the Supreme Court struck down a law banning the burning of the American flag on the grounds that such action was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.

Texas versus Johnson. A 1989 case in which the Supreme Court struck down a law banning the burning of the American flag on the grounds that such action was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.

Tinker versus Des Moines. Students have the right to symbolic speech at school as long as it is not disruptive, protected but the 1st amendment.

Tinker versus Des Moines. Students have the right to symbolic speech at school as long as it is not disruptive, protected but the 1st amendment.

United States versus Nixon. U.S. Supreme Court case that limited executive privilege.

United States versus Nixon. U.S. Supreme Court case that limited executive privilege.

What is the supreme law of the land? The constitution.

What is the supreme law of the land? The constitution.

What does the constitution do? Set up the government. Defines the government. Protects basic rights of Americans.

What does the constitution do? Set up the government. Defines the government. Protects basic rights of Americans.

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? We the people.

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? We the people.

What is an amendment? A change to the Constitution. An addition.

What is an amendment? A change to the Constitution. An addition.

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution? The Bill of Rights.

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution? The Bill of Rights.

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? Speech, Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition the government.

What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? Speech, Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition the government.

How many amendments does the Constitution have? Twenty- seven.

How many amendments does the Constitution have? Twenty- seven.

What did the Declaration of Independence do? Announced our independence from Great Britain, said that the United States is free.

What did the Declaration of Independence do? Announced our independence from Great Britain, said that the United States is free.

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness.

What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness.

What is freedom of religion? You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

What is freedom of religion? You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

What is the economic system in the United States? Capitalist economy, market economy.

What is the economic system in the United States? Capitalist economy, market economy.

What is the rule of law? Everyone must follow the law, Leaders must obey the law, Government must obey the law, No one is above the law.

What is the rule of law? Everyone must follow the law, Leaders must obey the law, Government must obey the law, No one is above the law.

Name a branch or part of the government. Congress, legislative, President, executive, the courts, judicial.

Name a branch or part of the government. Congress, legislative, President, executive, the courts, judicial.

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? Checks and balances, separation of powers.

What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? Checks and balances, separation of powers.

Who is in charge of the executive branch? The President.

Who is in charge of the executive branch? The President.

Who makes federal laws? Congress, Senate and House of Representatives, national legislature.

Who makes federal laws? Congress, Senate and House of Representatives, national legislature.

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress? The Senate and House (of Representatives).

What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress? The Senate and House (of Representatives).

How many U.S. Senators are there? 100

How many U.S. Senators are there? 100

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? Six years.

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? Six years.

The House of Representatives has how many voting members? 435.

The House of Representatives has how many voting members? 435.

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years? two years.

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years? two years.

Who does the U.S. Senator represent? The state people. 

Who does the U.S. Senator represent? The state people.

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? The representative amount varies depending on the state population. 

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? The representative amount varies depending on the state population. 

In what month do we vote for President? November.

In what month do we vote for President? November.

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President? The Vice President.

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President? The Vice President.

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President? The speaker of the House.

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President? The speaker of the House.

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? The President.

Who signs bills to become laws? The President.

Who signs bills to become laws? The President.

Who vetoes bills? The President. 

Who vetoes bills? The President. 

What does the President’s Cabinet do? Advises the President.

What does the President’s Cabinet do? Advises the President.

What are Cabinet-level positions? Secretary of Agriculture, of Commerce, of Defense, of Education, of Energy, of Health and Human Services, of Homeland Security, of Housing and Urban Development, of the Interior, of Labor, of State, of Transportation, of the Treasury, of Veterans Affairs, Attorney General, Vice President. 

What are Cabinet-level positions? Secretary of Agriculture, of Commerce, of Defense, of Education, of Energy, of Health and Human Services, of Homeland Security, of Housing and Urban Development, of the Interior, of Labor, of State, of Transportation, of the Treasury, of Veterans Affairs, Attorney General, Vice President. 

What does the judicial branch do? Reviews laws, explains laws, resolves disputes (disagreements), decides if a law goes against the Constitution.

What does the judicial branch do? Reviews laws, explains laws, resolves disputes (disagreements), decides if a law goes against the Constitution.

What is the highest court in the United States? The Supreme Court.

How many justices are on the Supreme Court? Nine.

How many justices are on the Supreme Court? Nine.

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What are some powers of the federal government? To print money, To declare war, To create an army, To make treaties.

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What are some powers of the federal government? To print money, To declare war, To create an army, To make treaties.

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What are some powers of the states? Providing schooling and education, Provide protection, Provide safety, Give a driver’s license, Approve zoning and land use.

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What are some powers of the states? Providing schooling and education, Provide protection, Provide safety, Give a driver’s license, Approve zoning and land use.

What is the capital of Florida? Tallahassee.

What is the capital of Florida? Tallahassee.

What are the two major political parties in the United States? Democratic and Republican.

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe them. Citizens 18 and older, You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote, Any citizen can vote, A male citizen of any race (can vote).

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe them. Citizens 18 and older, You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote, Any citizen can vote, A male citizen of any race (can vote).

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? Serve on a jury, vote in a federal election.

What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? Serve on a jury, vote in a federal election.

What are some rights of everyone living in the United States? Freedom of expression, Freedom of speech, Freedom of assembly, Freedom to petition the government, Freedom of religion, The right to bear arms.

What are some rights of everyone living in the United States? Freedom of expression, Freedom of speech, Freedom of assembly, Freedom to petition the government, Freedom of religion, The right to bear arms.

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? The United States and the flag. 

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? The United States and the flag. 

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? give up loyalty to other countries, defend the constitution and laws of the United States, Obey the laws of the United States, Serve in the U.S military( if needed), Serve (do important work for) the nation, be loyal to the United States.

What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? give up loyalty to other countries, defend the constitution and laws of the United States, Obey the laws of the United States, Serve in the U.S military( if needed), Serve (do important work for) the nation, be loyal to the United States.

What are some ways that Americans can participate in their democracy? Vote, join a political party, help with a campaign, join a community group, join a civic group, run for office, write to a newspaper.

What are some ways that Americans can participate in their democracy? Vote, join a political party, help with a campaign, join a community group, join a civic group, run for office, write to a newspaper.

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? April 15. 

When must all men register for the Selective Service? Between 18 and 26. 

What are some reasons colonists came to America? Freedom, political liberty, religious freedom, economic opportunity, practice their religion, escape persecution.

Why did the colonists fight the British? Because of high taxes, taxation without representation.

Why did the colonists fight the British? Because of high taxes, taxation without representation, British army quartering civilians’ houses, they want self-governance separated from the British. 

Why did the colonists fight the British? Because of high taxes, taxation without representation, British army quartering civilians’ houses, they want self-governance separated from the British. 

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson.

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson.

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? July 4, 1776.

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? July 4, 1776.

There were 13 original states. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,  Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia. 

There were 13 original states. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,  Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia. 

What happened at the Constitutional Convention? The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

What happened at the Constitutional Convention? The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

When was the Constitution written? 1787. 

When was the Constitution written? 1787.

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Names of the federalist papers’ writers. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Publius

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Names of the federalist papers’ writers. James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Publius

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? U.S. diplomat, oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, first Postmaster General of the United States, writer of Poor Richard’s Almanac, started the first free libraries.

What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? U.S. diplomat, oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, first Postmaster General of the United States, writer of Poor Richard’s Almanac, started the first free libraries.

Who is the Father of the United States of America? George Washington.

Who was the first President? George Washington.

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? Louisiana. 

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? Louisiana. 

Some wars fought by the United States in the 1800s. Civil war, War of 1812, Mexican-American war, Spanish-American war.

Some wars fought by the United States in the 1800s. Civil war, War of 1812, Mexican-American war, Spanish-American war.

The U.S. war between the North and the South. The Civil War, the War between the States.

Some problems that led to the Civil War. Slavery, economic reasons, states’ rights.

Some problems that led to the Civil War. Slavery, economic reasons, states’ rights.

Some important things that Abraham Lincoln did? Freed the slaves, saved the union, led the United States during the Civil war.

Some important things that Abraham Lincoln did? Freed the slaves, saved the union, led the United States during the Civil war.

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? freed the slaves in the Confederacy, in the Confederate states, and in most Southern states.

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? freed the slaves in the Confederacy, in the Confederate states, and in most Southern states.

What did Susan B. Anthony do? fought for women’s rights, fought for civil rights.

What did Susan B. Anthony do? fought for women’s rights, fought for civil rights.

Some wars fought by the United States in the 1900s. World War 1 and 2, Korean war, Vietnam war, Persian Gulf war.

Some wars fought by the United States in the 1900s. World War 1 and 2, Korean war, Vietnam war, Persian Gulf war.

Who was President during World War 1? Wilson Woodrow.

Who was President during World War 1? Wilson Woodrow.

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War 2? Franklin Roosevelt.

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War 2? Franklin Roosevelt.

Who did the United States fight in World War 2? Japan, Germany, and Italy.

Who did the United States fight in World War 2? Japan, Germany, and Italy.

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in? World War 2.

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in? World War 2.

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States? Communism.

What movement tried to end racial discrimination? civil rights movement.

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do? fought for civil rights, worked for equality for all Americans.

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do? fought for civil rights, worked for equality for all Americans.

Some American Indian tribes in the United States. Cherokee, Seminole, Crow, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, Creek, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Arawak, Shawnee, Mohegan, Huron.

Some American Indian tribes in the United States. Cherokee, Seminole, Crow, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, Creek, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Arawak, Shawnee, Mohegan, Huron.

Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States. Missouri and Mississippi.

States that border Canada. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Alaska.

States that border Canada. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Alaska.

States that border Mexico. California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas.

States that border Mexico. California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas.

Where is the Statue of Liberty? New York Harbor, Liberty Island, New Jersey near New York City, Hudson River.

Where is the Statue of Liberty? New York Harbor, Liberty Island, New Jersey near New York City, Hudson River.

Why does the flag have 13 stripes? because there were 13 original colonies.

Why does the flag have 50 stars? because there is one star for each state.

What is the name of the national anthem? The Star-Spangled Banner.

National U.S. holidays. New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas.

National U.S. holidays. New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas.